Answered By: Reeti Brar
Last Updated: Feb 07, 2023     Views: 35926

The American Psychological Association (APA) released the newest version of their publication manual, 7th edition in October 2019. Essentially not much has changed to the way citations are formatted in APA 7th, so if you are comfortable with writing citations according to the 6th edition rules then it should be a smooth transition into the 7th edition.

Here are the main changes you need to know about:

Books: The publisher location is no longer required for books or similar mediums.

Ebooks no longer require the type of ebook to be listed (e.g. Kindle etc.) instead the publisher name is included.

Websites: It is not necessary to include the words "Retrieved from" before a URL.

DOIs: DOI’s for journals and eBooks are now displayed as a URL ( instead of with the “doi:” prefix.

Authors: Up to 20 authors can now be included in a reference list entry before needing to omit others with an ellipsis (…).

In-text citations: Any reference with more than three authors can now be shortened to the first author and et al.

Audio-visual materials: There are some changes and additions for contributors to reflect new formats e.g., podcasts hosts; YouTube hosts; webinars and online streaming videos.

Please find below the links to the most notable changes, quick guides, video and practice quiz: