Answered By: Reeti Brar
Last Updated: Jul 09, 2020     Views: 114062

A reference or citation can be positioned at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence.

Following are the examples for both  APA 7th and APA 6th referencing style. 

Example of a mid-sentence in-text direct quote:

Interpreting these results, Robbins (2003) suggested that the “therapists in dropout cases may have inadvertently validated parental negativity about the adolescent” (p. 541), contributing to an overall climate of negativity.

When multiple studies support what you have to say, you can also include mid-sentence in-text citations. 


Smith and Wexwood (2010) reported an increase in the number of books read, whereas Gibson (2011) reported a decrease.

You can also use mid -sentence in-text citation if the study supports only a part of the sentence so that it is clear which material has come from which source.


Reflective writing has been shown to aid students' understanding of their own learning (Lorenzi, Mackeogh, & Fox, 2004), as well as developing other study skills. 


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Comments (2)

  1. Does this third example about reflective writing, where the citation is in the middle, suggest that the second part of the sentence after the comma does not come from the same source? Would it be appropriate to use the writer's idea after the citation or would it be assumed this comes from the source cited?
    by Kat C on May 23, 2020.
  2. In the example you refer to, the concept in the first part of the sentence is illustrated in the work of x and x. It is reasonable to presume that the second part of the sentence, being uncited, is the writer's idea.
    by Jackie Stevens (Library) on Jun 22, 2020.