Answered By: Jackie Stevens
Last Updated: Sep 27, 2018     Views: 51

For all referencing styles used at the University of Notre Dame Australia, you would use one of these "locators" for electronic resources but never both.

Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition

The preference is to use the persistent URL form of the DOI, such as To create this link from a standard DOI, follow these steps:

  1. Start with
  2. Add to this the DOI number (such as 10.1177/0191453713494967 or 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190213343.001.0001) that you have found for the resource.
  3. See section 14.8 in the Chicago Manual of Style linked below for more information.


Where there is a DOI provided, the preference is to use that in the standard format doi:10.1177/0191453713494967. If no DOI is found, then include the URL instead.

You may wish to refer to the University Library's Referencing Guide for examples of how to reference online resources. Click the Referencing Guide link below to be taken to the full guide, and then choose the relevant referencing style from the menu at the left hand side.