Answered By: Reeti Brar
Last Updated: Oct 18, 2018     Views: 8020

In APA, encyclicals and other Church documents are cited according to the type of publication. Use the APA instructions in the Referencing guide for Books if the encyclical is a stand-alone publication or the section for Web Resources if the document is found online (see links below).

The author of a papal document is the name of the pope but do not use the title "Pope" before the name. 

Here is an example of a printed encyclical:

Here is an example of an encyclical found online:

In-text references for the above reference list examples would look like this:

(Benedict XVI, 2005)

(John XXIII, 1961)