Answered By: Reeti Brar
Last Updated: Feb 15, 2019     Views: 4228

In APA referencing style, in-text citations are used to show the source of your information. This in-text citation normally includes the author surname(s) and the year of publication.


Williams (2007) OR (Williams, 2007)

You do not need page numbers if you are paraphrasing generally from ideas presented in a work. However, you should include page numbers when it will help the reader find the relevant passage in a long or complex work. 

You must include the page numbers when using:

  • Direct quotations
  • Specific details, such as a statistic, from a work.

If the detail you are referring to spans more than one page, write pp. rather than just p., e.g.  Wilson states... (2007, pp. 117-118) OR (Wilson, 2007, pp. 117-118)

If no page numbers are shown, use the paragraph number. You may also use a chapter, figure, table or equation number to indicate a specific part of a source.

Please refer to the University's Referencing Guide for APA below for more information.