Answered By: Reeti Brar
Last Updated: Feb 15, 2019     Views: 226

In APA referencing style, in-text citations are used to show the source of your information. This in-text citation normally includes the author surname(s) and the year of publication.

Example:

Williams (2007) OR (Williams, 2007)

You do not need page numbers if you are paraphrasing generally from ideas presented in a work. However, you should include page numbers when it will help the reader find the relevant passage in a long or complex work. 

You must include the page numbers when using:

  • Direct quotations
  • Specific details, such as a statistic, from a work.

If the detail you are referring to spans more than one page, write pp. rather than just p., e.g.  Wilson states... (2007, pp. 117-118) OR (Wilson, 2007, pp. 117-118)

If no page numbers are shown, use the paragraph number. You may also use a chapter, figure, table or equation number to indicate a specific part of a source.

Please refer to the University's Referencing Guide for APA below for more information.